Saturday, January 14, 2012

Makanan Pertama Bayi: Arief Faheem

Mama search byk info tentang makanan pertama bayi utk arief faheem.. lagi 2 minggu die dah boleh makan solid food.. so mama compile kan info2 yg mama dapat.. so mama setuju bahawa nestum macam tak sesuai utk bayi2 kite sbb itu adlh makanan ruji barat.. kite ni malaysia.. makanan ruji kite adlh nasi.. so sebaik2nye adlh bubur.. tapi kalau nak bagi x salah pun.. cepat siap gitew.. hehehe..

jangan bagi satu mangkok ni.. dua tiga sudu dah.. utk seminggu yg pertama.. plus bg puree buah pulak. (Gambo dr en.google)
so 6 bulan nanti.. yg mama baca, sebaiknye bg puree buah-buahan.. jgn byk2.. dua, 3 sudu jek utk seminggu awal tuh..:

1. Buah-buahan.. puree epal, puree pisang, puree betik, puree pear, puri apricot, puree peach, puree prunes yg dilenyek n dicampur dgn susu ibu.. 

**jauhi buah-buahan sitrus n yg masam mcm epal hijau, limau..

**Pada umur bayi 6-7 bulan, makanan yang harus dijauhi oleh bayi adalah kekacang, keju, daging merah, makanan laut- ia akan meningkatkan risiko alergi. Garam dan gula juga tidak dibenarkan ketika bayi umur ini (ginjal bayi masih belum matang untuk memproses Natrium (garam).

kalau buat byk, boleh simpan dlm bekas kecik n simpan dlm freezer.. (gambo dr en.google)
2. Bubur nasi --> bubur yg cair n dilenyekkan.. selalunye mama tapis lagi.. n tambah sikit susu badan.. blend jek plg sonang.. pastu leh tambah dua sudu puree sayur-sayuran.. xpun, korang masak sekali n terus blend.. lagi sonang..

3. sayur-sayuran.. Pilihan sayur juga haruslah sayur yang sesuai, tidak pahit (peria, petola), tidak bergas (seperti kobis, brokoli). 

--> haa.. yg ni mesti ramai ibu2 suke bg brokoli kan.. 
' Broccoli might not be a good choice for one of Baby's first vegetables as it may cause gas. Broccolli may also be a bit hard for a young infant to digest. Broccoli is best given to an infant between 8-10 months old'

--> sayur yg dicadangkan di awal 6-8 bulan adlh labu, kentang (sumber vitamin A yg baik) dan labu. Rebus, lenyek or blend n campur dgn susu ibu. Boleh gak buat campur2 mcm lobak+labu ke..
--> selepas 8 bulan boleh dipelbagaikan seperti brokoli, kobis bunga, asparagus, sawi, terung bulat, mushroom n macam dah..

4. Daging? --> daging yg direkomen adalah daging ayam mase 7 ke 8 bulan.. boleh rebus/panggang/kukus n pastu blend.. 

Bahagian mane yg baik utk bayi?
The light meat of both turkey and chicken, such as the breast, is considered higher in protein and
lower in fat. The darker meat of chicken and turkey, such as thighs and legs, is higher in iron and higher in fat. It might be a good idea to offer your baby the darker meat of either turkey or chicken. The fat content makes this meat easy to puree into a relatively smooth texture; the higher iron makes this portion of the turkey and chicken an excellent choice. 


5. Ikan --> ikan bilis digoreng n ditumbuk halus.. ikan salmon, siakap, or ikan ape2 yg dibuang tulang, kukus or stew, amik isi n lenyek..

Bila nak bg ikan? Dulu disaran setahun ke atas sebab alergi.. tapi skrg new recommendation:
Recommendations for introducing fish and other allergenic foods are changing! Many are now suggesting that babies may be introduced to fish around 6-7 months old (for those with no known history of food allergies).

"Although solid foods should not be introduced before 4 to 6 months of age, there is no current convincing evidence that delaying their introduction beyond this period has a significant protective effect on the development of atopic disease regardless of whether infants are fed cow milk protein formula or human milk. This includes delaying the introduction of foods that are considered to be highly allergic, such as fish, eggs, and foods containing peanut protein." Click to view report
Please be sure to discuss the introduction of potential allergenic foods with your pediatrician! updated January 2010

**TAPI elakkan ikan tuna, mackerel (ikan tenggiri), todak, yu sbb ketinggian paras merkuri.. Mercury can do severe damage to developing nervous systems if mercury tainted fish is eaten on a continual basis. 

6. Telur -->  Boleh diberi 8 bulan ke atas.. Ada yg kate 6 bulan pun ok.. tapi bg mama terlalu awal.. bukan setakat kuning telur tapi juga di rekomen seluruh telur itu! Jangan lupe lenyek, atau dimasak bersama sayur atau daging kemudian blend! jgn bagi mata kerbau sudah..

Australian Study (2010) finds infants given egg after 12 months of age are up to five times more likely to develop allergies compared to those who are introduced to eggs at four to six months, depending on how the egg is cooked.
--> Jadi sile bagi awal2.. hehehe..

7. Daging Lembu --> Boleh diberi 8 bulan ke atas.. cara memasak panggang adalah terbaik utk mengekalkan nutrisi di dalamnye.. masak n jadikan puree beef.. Daging lembu sgt bagus sebab tinggi protien dan zat besi seta mengandungi kalsium dan folat.

Madu merupakan makanan yg dilarang untuk bayi! Walaupun madu itu baik n sunnah nabi tapi TIDAK untuk bayi anda! Boleh menyebabkan kematian!
Honey can contain spores of a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum, which can germinate in a baby's immature digestive system and cause infant botulism, a rare but potentially fatal illness.

Tapi lepas setahun boleh la..
These spores are usually harmless to adults and children over 1 year old, because the microorganisms normally found in the intestine keep the bacteria from growing.

Click here for details.

Say NO to Madu bawah Setahun (dr en.google jgk)

Methods of Cooking Food (Confirm mama copy paste jek dr reference no 1.. hehe)

Below is an outline of the different methods of cooking food and how nutritional content is affected. It covers all forms of cooking.

Steaming - This is one of the most preferred methods of cooking. By this method, nutrient loss in minimal. Left over water may be used as stock and for pureeing. 

The longer any type of food is exposed to high temperatures and immersed in water, the higher the nutrient loss. (Can you imagine the nutrient loss in commercial baby foods that are cooked at sky-high temperatures to help prolong shelf life?.) Steaming as a cooking method helps foods retain their levels of water soluble vitamins too. Vitamin C is an important water soluble vitamin that helps aid in the absorption of iron. Steaming allows the foods to be surrounded by steam rather than soaked in water. 

Boiling and Stewing - The disadvantage; it leads to loss of nutrients (esp. water soluble vitamins (B&C) and minerals). Loss can be limited by using the needed amount of water for cooking/for required time. Left over water could be used as stock and for pureeing. 

Baking or Roasting - Baking or Roasting is cooking by dry heat in the oven. The advantage - large quantities of food can be cooked and there is a limited loss of nutrients and the food is easily digestible.

Microwave Cooking - The disadvantages of microwave cooking are that food is cooked in small quantities and some foods may lose nutrients at a very high rate. The flavor and nutritive values of most vegetables are good in comparison with other methods.
You may use a microwave for cooking if you prefer - the main disadvantage to this is that large batches of foods typically cannot be made at one time; many people find that the use of a microwave is unhealthy and potentially dangerous. 

The amount of nutrients that are "destroyed" by a microwave varies by the type of food that you are cooking. There are some foods whose nutrients are retained better when microwaved than when steamed or boiled for example. Broccoli is said to be one food that may lose a vast majority of its nutrients when microwaved, more so than any other vegetable. However the study done on broccoli and the microwave is being negated due to the faulty methodology used. 

Pressure Cooking - Loss of nutrient is less in this method since only little water is used. 

Frying - Do frying only if required. Shallow frying is much better than deep frying. Deep frying at high temperature can produce toxic chemicals such as peroxides, aldehydes, ketones, hydroperoxidases, cyclic monomeres etc. Preferably avoid reusing the fried oil.  We prefer to "fry" in a small amount of olive oil - rather like sauteeing.

Grilling - In this method, if the food is burnt with coals and fire, it can cause carcinogenic effect. Babies and small children should not be served grilled foods constantly.

Reference:
1. http://wholesomebabyfood.momtastic.com/news/ --> Blog yg sgt bagus.. siap bg resepi n pantang larang..
2.http://www.babycenter.com/ --> Adalah sket2.. 
3. http://www.webmd.com/default.htm --> Website yg bgs untuk kesihatan
4. http://drzubaidi.com/blog/ --> Blog Dr ni sgt bgs n mudah difahami.. sbb bahasa melayu.. huhuhu.. x rujuk tapi promote.. sbb sgt2 bagus untuk ilmu kesihatan.. jaga baby, hubungan suami isteri, nak dapatkan baby, mcm2 la..

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